Thursday, January 19, 2012

Republicans Prepare For U.S. Election In November 2012

Mitt Romney speaking in Washington D.C on February 11, 2011.
Mitt Romney speaking in Washington D.C on February 11, 2011. Image: Gage Skidmore
There are two main political parties in the United States: the Republicans and the Democrats.
Right now, the Republicans have to choose someone to run for president against Democrat Barack Obama, in time for the presidential election on Nov. 6.
To pick a Republican candidate, every state in the U.S. holds an early election called a primary.
The front-runner in the Republican race is Mitt Romney, who was the Governor of Massachusetts and is now in business.
He won the first two primaries – in Idaho and New Hampshire.
The South Carolina primary is next; it may be more difficult for Romney to win. People in South Carolina tend to have very traditional views on religion, crime, and schooling. Some people think Romney is too soft on these kinds of issues to appeal to the people there.
Barack Obama waiting to give a speech in Washington D.C. in 2007
Current American President, Barack Obama, prior to giving a speech in Washington D.C. in 2007. Image: realjamesco16
How people are elected
In a U.S. election, people vote directly for the president. They vote separately for members of the Senate and the House of Representatives. These two parts make up the Congress. If President Barack Obama wants to pass a law, he has to get both parts to agree with him.
In Canada, the government also has two parts; the Senate which is appointed by the Governor General and the House of Commons, made up of people who have been voted in.
But in Canada, people don’t vote directly for the prime minister. They vote for one person in the area they live in. These people represent a political party and the party with the most votes wins. The leader of that party becomes prime minister


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